If you haven’t seen the movie ‘Traitor’, watch it now. I loved this movie and Don Cheadle’s acting impressed me a lot. Directed by Jeffrey Nachmanoff, this movie is a spy thriller and keeps you on the edge of your seat. There is a part in the movie where they discuss ‘Taqqiya’ which led me to research more on the topic and hence something to blog about.
Taqqiya is an Islamic doctrine that allows a Muslim to lie and conceal his religion in order to safeguard himself from persecution. The root word means, ‘to be cautious’ or ‘to guard’.
There are various instances where Taqqiya has been used in the past.
Ammar Yasir, a companion of Prophet Muhamad, was forced to worship idols and insult the Prophet of Islam. Polytheists tortured Ammar with fire. When Ammar told the Pophet of what he was forced to say, The Prophet said, ‘say it again, if they ask you to do so’. In order to prevent torture, the Prophet allowed him to use Taqqiya.
Abdullah Al Mamun, a Caliph who ruled Persia from the year 813 to 833, tried to impose his views over his subjects on Quran. Even though his views were not acceptable to many and disputed, anyone who went against his opinion were threatened, imprisoned and tortured. So in order to escape the sword, some Muslims followed the practice of Taqqiya.
In 1492, Spain, Catholic Monarchs persecuted Jews and Muslims and forced them to convert into Christianity. During this period, the concept of Taqqiya became important and many Muslims faked their conversion to Christianity when actually they were practicing Islam in secret. They became crypto-Muslims.
The Quran 3:28 states, ‘Let not believers (Muslims) take non believers (Non-Muslims) as allies rather than believers'. This has of course led to a lot of arguments. If this is the case, then Muslims should not have Non-Muslim friends. Crazy isn’t it? But then Muhamad Jarir Al Tabari, author of authoritative Quran commentary explains the verse in detail. He explains that the literal meaning states that if Muslims are under Non-Muslims authority, fearing for themselves, then they should behave loyally to them with their tongue while harbouring inner animosity.
However I think that Taqqiya is being misused or is it just an excuse to do a lot of other things that causes harm? Let me explain.
According to the ‘Treaty of Hudaybiyah (628 AD)’, Muhammad signed a 10 year truce with the Quraysh Tribe in the city of Mecca stating they would not be attacked. But in the second year of truce, he planned a surprise attack and attacked the Quraysh thus conquering Mecca. This is an example of how he could trick them under the pretext of Taqqiya.
Look at the Israel-Palestine conflict now. In 1993, Palestinian leader Yaseer Arafat and Isreali Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, along with US President’s Bill Clinton made a Peace Deal. Arafat had actually lied, he used Taqqiya and he revealed this in a speech to Muslims.
The same was done by the Hamas in Palestine. He told the West he wanted peace in the region but promoted martyrdom and continued terrorism. Taqqiya? Islamophobes go bonkers over this term! Man has lost his sanity. He has reached a point where he can no longer understand the truth and intention behind holy scriptures. Fabrication and exaggeration of statements has led to misery.
Some food for thought. The Prophet said in a Hadith, ‘Man Ghasha Falaisa Minna’ which translates to – ‘He who cheats is not among us’
I am not into religion but I find various aspects of different religion very interesting. There are a lot of stuff written and said. But how exactly has man misinterpreted them? Be it the Quran, Bible or the Bhagvath Gita.
Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his belief – except for one who is forced to renounce his religion while his heart is secure in faith – but those who willingly open their hearts to unbelief, upon them is wrath from Allah and for them is a great punishment. - Surah An-Nahl 16:106